The most honorable prize in the world is the Nobel Prize. In addition, the committee that determines the winners is often subject to outside influence.
In this case, the decision is not always objective. Time magazine told everyone about the 10 most controversial Nobel laureates in the history of this prestigious, and also quite monetary, award.
Barack Obama. The world's first black president in US history came to power in a wave of general euphoria. The motto of his campaign was "Yes, we can!" With everyone's enthusiasm and faith in change soon, Obama left the other candidates behind. The Nobel Peace Prize went to him for "extraordinary efforts to strengthen international diplomacy and cooperation among nations." Only now I was embarrassed by the fact that the president was awarded the prize just 12 days after he took office. Even the American newspaper The New York Times called it a stunning surprise. Other observers were not so restrained in their assessments and directly accused the Nobel Committee of pursuing their own political interests. The laureate of the Peace Prize himself in subsequent years continued to conduct military campaigns of his country on the territory of other independent states.
Cordell Hull. This man is the most controversial and controversial candidate than anyone else on this list. The award was presented to Cordell Hull in 1945 for his active role in the founding of the UN. And it really happened, which was worthy of recognition. However, Hull's actions just 6 years earlier had shocked the entire world. He served as Secretary of State under Roosevelt when a ship with 950 Jewish refugees arrived in the country from Germany. They asked for political asylum, fleeing the persecution of the fascists. Even the President was ready to welcome the unfortunate, but Cordell, along with his allies, the Southern Democrats, took a principled position. The secretary of state managed to convince Roosevelt by threatening that he would not support him in future elections. That ship returned back to Hamburg. Subsequently, about a quarter of its passengers died in the Holocaust. But soon this story was forgotten and Hull still received his prize.
Yasser Arafat. Although for some this politician was an implacable fighter for the freedom of his people, for many he is just an accomplice of terrorists. Nevertheless, this polarity of views did not prevent Yasser Arafat from being awarded the Nobel Prize. Together with him, Israel's Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin, as well as the Minister of Foreign Affairs of this country Shimon Peres received it. The committee said the award was for efforts to develop brotherhood in the Middle East. However, the difficult relationship between the Israeli authorities and Hamas, accusations of corruption by Arafat himself and refusal to make any concessions soon brought all those developments to zero. The Middle East has remained an explosive zone, where people shoot, blow up and kill.
Vahangari Maathai. This woman became the first African woman to receive the Nobel Peace Prize. Honored for Maathai's work to improve the rights of rural women in Kenya. Local women fought against deforestation. Everything would be fine, but the laureate herself stated in the press that HIV was specially invented and launched by Western scientists in order to reduce the population of Africa. Although Maathai later officially denied her authorship of these statements, in her interview with Time magazine, she stated that she knew where HIV came from. In her opinion, nature and monkeys were clearly not involved in this. Vaangari also noted her participation in several projects for the protection of nature, for some time she even served as Minister of Environment in Kenya.
John Forbes Nash. This scientist was perfectly embodied on the screen by Russell Crowe in the film A Beautiful Mind. Already in his youth, Nesh showed his genius. And he received the Nobel Prize in Economics only in 1994, although his work was written 40 years ago, when he was just graduating from Princeton. Nash has really made a big impact on the economy, he earned respect for his fight against schizophrenia. Only now the reputation of the laureate was darkened by rumors about his anti-Semitic views and statements. As a result, the Nobel Committee was forced to revise the procedure for electing nominees, as well as to limit the length of time in office of members of the commission to 3 years.
Karl von Osetzky. This writer was an ardent champion of peace, he publicly opposed Hitler. In 1936 Osetsky received the Nobel Peace Prize. After all, with his articles, he denounced Germany and Hitler personally for violating the terms of the Versailles Treaty. But this agreement established order in Europe after the First World War. The writer's activities did not go unnoticed by the Gestapo - he spent three years in concentration camps, where he earned himself a bunch of diseases. When Osetsky was awarded his prize, he was in the hospital with tuberculosis, under the supervision of the authorities. The Gestapo urged the writer to give up this honor, but he courageously decided to receive his prize. This behavior extremely infuriated Hitler himself. He simply did not let Karl von Osiecki go to the ceremony in Oslo. In addition, an order was issued according to which the Germans simply did not have the right to accept the Nobel Prize. And with the entry of German troops into Norway, all members of the Nobel Committee were arrested. We can say that due to von Osetzky's adherence to principles, the existence of the prize itself was generally under threat.
Alexander Fleming. There is no doubt that penicillin has become one of the most important inventions of the last century. It is believed that the main role in this discovery belongs to Alexander Fleming, who received the Nobel Prize for this in 1945. However, the importance of Fleming's own work is being questioned. Indeed, back in the 1870s, research was carried out on the very same mold Penicillium notatum. The works indicated its useful properties for the destruction of harmful bacteria. And Fleming himself said that his discovery was an accident, and not the result of systematic and long work. However, it should be noted that it was thanks to the scientist that the properties of penicillin were fully disclosed, and its mass production began. As a result, Fleming's discovery saved the lives of millions.
Harold zur Hosen. This medical researcher was bathed in glory in 2008. After all, zur Hozen won the Nobel Prize in Medicine. The scientist was able to find the cause of cervical cancer, it was the HPV virus. However, the triumph was soon overshadowed by a scandal. Swedish police found that the winner's pharmaceutical company, AstraZeneca, had an impact on the winner's election. But she is engaged in the development of vaccines against HPV. However, nothing was officially announced so as not to stir up a scandal. The case soon became even more suspicious, with AstraZeneca sponsoring the Nobel Committee's website.
Henry Kissinger. When the prize was announced to this man, it caused a storm of discussion. The decision itself remains one of the most controversial in the history of the Nobel Prize. And the critics have something to argue with. The American politician was reminded of Operation Condor, the bombing in Cambodia. In addition, the Vietnamese Le Duc To, who shared the award with Kissinger, decided not to receive his award. His moral principles did not allow him to share the glory along with the cunning slicker from big politics.
Linus Paulig. This is the second scientist after Marie Curie to be nominated for the Nobel Prize several times and in different fields. You can recall the saying that any poacher can become a gamekeeper. This is the case of Linus Paulig. The brilliant chemist began his path to fame by creating weapons for the US government. The first prize was awarded to Paulig in the field of chemistry. But soon a new atomic era forced him to reconsider his views on life. In addition, the scientist's wife, Ava, was an ideological fighter for peace. As a result, Paulig turned into a pacifist, joining the ranks of other scientists (including Albert Einstein) and calling for an end to nuclear tests. The scientist did a lot to make the world nuclear-free. For this he was awarded the Nobel Prize in 1962. But the pages of his biography, in which Paulig participated in the development of weapons, will not go anywhere.